A History of Preston in Hertfordshire
Preston’s Farms: Poynders End Farm and Tudor House
Map of Poynders End Farm and Cottages in nineteenth century
Poynders End is named after the Poydres family who owned land and property in the area at the turn of the fourteenth century. There is a memorial brass in the north aisle of St Ippollitts Church which reads, ‘Here lies Robert Poydres and Alicia his wife’. The place name has been variously spelt - Pointers, Poynters, Poyters and the modern spelling - Poynders End. Poynders End is nearer Preston than Langley or St Pauls Walden and its inhabitants invariably described themselves as being of ‘Poynders End, Preston’. Although sharing the same place name, Poynders End (aka Jacks Hill) Cottages were in different parishes and part of different estates in the nineteenth century. Poynders End Farm was in Ippollitts parish. This ancient dwelling was extensively renovated in the middle of the seventeenth century, after which it looked much as it does today. In 1703, Poynders End was sold to John Joyner and four generations of his family farmed there. It was then purchased for Hester Thrall - ‘the place I earliest attached my silly heart to’. She was a ‘dazzling hostess’ and counted Dr Samuel Johnson among her social circle. When she decided to build a new home at Denbigh in 1792, she sold Poynders End to Joseph Darton and thereafter it was included in the Temple Dinsley estate. When Temple Dinsley was sold in 1873, the sale particulars stated that Poynders End Farm included a bailiff’s house, a spacious homestead and ninety acres of ‘sound productive stock land’, seventy- one acres of which were in Ippollitts parish. The annual rent was £137 10/-. Incidentally, the farm had a well which was 329 feet deep - possibly the deepest well in Hertfordshire at the time. The present-day house at Poynders End is Tudor House. The four Poynders End cottages (aka Jacks Hill) were in the parish of Hitchin and were part of the Hill End farm estate. They were semi-detached, built of red brick and tiles and were the homes of farm labourers. The cottages had three rooms and a scullery and ‘good gardens’. The residents even had their own well, which was 180 feet deep. Because the well was in the possession of another landowner, the tenants of the two western cottages had to pay five shillings a year for the right to be able to draw water. (See Link: Jacks Hill)
1799 SAUNDERS, Joseph MERRITT, Widow 1821 BROWN, George BROWN, William ANDREWS, Thomas HATTON, Elizabeth ROBOTTOM, Thomas LAWRENCE, Thomas 1841 SAUNDERS, George PAYNE, James (to 1871) MOULES, Peter and Ann (to 1851) ANDREWS, Joseph ANDREWS, Thomas (to 1851) TITMUSS, James (Farmer) PAYNE, James (to 1861, a farmer) 1861 WARD, William WALKER, Ann PAYNE, Sarah
1871 PALMER, John (to 1881) CRAWLEY, John (to 1881) CREWE, William 1881 PAYNE, John and Hannah (to 1891) SHAW, William 1891 SMITH, Jesse (to 1901) THRUSSELL, George (to 1901) THRUSSELL, Joseph (to 1894/5) 1894/5 GROOM, Thomas 1897 WRAY, Alfred 1901 BARBER, Ernest (Farmer) THRUSSELL, William
Residents of Poynders End in the nineteenth century
Farm outbuildings at Poynders End in 2006
Three views of Tudor House (built c1550) from the 1980s
Tudor House in 2006