A History of Preston

in Hertfordshire

Names
Ages
Mobility
Occupations

The census was taken on 31 March. There were 318 residents in Preston - 141 males and 179 females. They included 51couples and 20 widows or widowers.  

 

They occupied 62 cottages, an average of 4.4 inhabitants in each home. There were  7 farmhouses and  two additional properties: ‘The Laburnums’ (now ‘Pryor House’) and ‘The Cottage’ (‘The Dower House’). Two houses were unoccupied.

The following ‘core’ families were in Preston. They comprised 27 % of the village’s population:

Thrussell

Jenkins

Palmer

Peters

Sharp

23 members

19

13

21

12

These were the most popular Christian names:

Male

William

George

Arthur

Henry

Charles

Female

Mary

Annie

Ellen

Elizabeth

Emma

One hundred and thirty-seven of the villagers (43%) were aged under 21 years.  The youngest was three-month-old George Jeeves from Castle Farm lodge and the oldest was the widow, Mary Bushell, 80.

Of the 286 surviving villagers from 1891, 155 (54%) were still living in Preston ten years ten years later. Forty-four moved within a five-mile radius of the village.

Another 17 remained in Hertfordshire and 22 left the county.

 

Seven relocated in Hitchin and six moved to London.

That Preston was a desirable place to live in 1901 is shown by the occupation at ‘The Cottage’ of Henry Anstruther, Lord of the Treasury.

 

Communication with the outside world was improved by the appointment of a telegraph clerk and a postal messenger.

Women

Straw-plaiters

Charwoman

Cook

Domestic servants

Dressmakers

Housekeepers

Telegraph clerk

Laundry woman

Midwife

Nurse

Sub-postmistress

Tailoress

School mistresses

Postal messenger

13

  1

  1

  8

  5

  2

  1

1

1

1

1

1

3

1

On the land

Farmers

Farm labourers inc.

  hay binders

Cowmen

Gardeners

Horsekeepers

Hurdlemaker

Ploughman

Shepherds

Stockmen

Roadman

Woodman

Gamekeeper

  6

 

31

  3

  6

  7

  1

  1

  4

  3

  2

  3

  2

Tradesmen

Baker

Bootmaker

Butcher

Carpenters

Carrier

Carter

Corn dealer

Hay dealer

Grocer

Publican

Tailors

Baker’s helper

Wheelwright

1

1

1

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

3

1

1

Chart showing movement of villagers 1891-1901

Top

Link to transcription of 1901 Preston census.

Link to alphabetical list of names in 1901 Preston census

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1901 Census -

Analysis