A History of Preston

in Hertfordshire

Names
These were the most popular Christian names:
Ages
Mobility
Occupations
  8

59
  1
  2
  1
  1
  4
  1
  5
  1
  1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
1
2
1
34
  3
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  8
    1
  1

Chart showing movement of villagers 1871-81

The census was taken on 3 April. There were 362 residents in Preston - 179 males and 183 females. They included 63 couples and 11 widows or widowers.

 

They occupied 69 cottages, an average of 4.2 inhabitants in each home. Other homes included six farms, Temple Dinsley and ‘The Cottage’. Six houses were unoccupied.

While researching this census, for the first time the variety of Christian names is noticeable - there were 97 different choices.

One hundred and seventy-five villagers were aged under 21 - 48%. The oldest was Sarah Jeeves, 81. She died in 1886 aged 89. There were two two-month-old babies: Christopher and Annie Peters, the children of Thomas and Martha and Joseph and Sarah.

Of the surviving 385 villagers from 1871, 170 were still living in Preston ten years later - 44%. A further 103 people had  moved  within a five-mile radius of the village. Twenty-seven were living farther afield in Hertfordshire while 28 had relocated to other counties.

 

Twenty-two were living in Hitchin and five had moved to London.

Following the purchase by Henry Pryor of Temple Dinsley in 1873, Eleanor Peters (the daughter of William and Mary who were living at Preston Green) was a maid at Henry’s house at Clifton, Beds. in 1881.

 

Three young men moved out of the village as they pursued their occupations on the railway - Alfred Smith from Poynders End was a porter at Hitchin; George Peters was a plate-layer at Hitchin and John Shaw was a railway labourer at Yorkshire.

On the land

Farmers

Farm labourers (inc.

Haybinders)

Cowman

Grooms

Stable boy

Farm boy

Gardeners

Farm manager

Woodmen

Engine driver

Shepherds

Tradesmen

Baker/confectioner

Bootmaker

Butcher

Carpenter

Cattle dealer

General Dealer

Grocers

Police constable

Publicans

Tailor

Wheelwrights

Wood carrier

Apprentice

Butler

Coachman

Women

Straw-plaiters

Dressmakers

Laundress

Milliner

Governess

School mistress

School monitor

Maids/servants

Nurse

Cook

Mary Nash was recorded as being ‘blind’.

The modernisation of farming methods was shown as James Angell (born 1857 from Standon, Bedfordshire who was working at Hill End Farm) was described as a traction engine driver.

Peters

Jeeves

Jenkins

Sharp

Palmer

Smith

Andrews

33 members

22

21

17

16

12

 9

Male

William

George

John

Thomas

27

21

16

15

Female

Mary

Sarah

Emma

Elizabeth

13

13

10

 9

The following ‘core’ families were in Preston. They comprised 33% of the village

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Link to transcription of 1881 Preston census.

Link to alphabetical list of names in 1881 Preston census

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1881 Census -

Analysis