A History of Preston

in Hertfordshire

They lived at Preston in the

Seventeenth Century - Part One

In this article, the known inhabitants of Preston during the seventeenth century are discussed. These lived in the village, walked its lanes and worked its fields - they are an essential part of Preston’s heritage.

 

Although these folk are detached from today by up to four centuries, this is not intended to be a superficial catalogue of names - a stark, ‘people-spotting’ exercise. Where possible, occupations, location of homes and immediate families are described. As a result, these details breathe life into the villagers - they become more tangible and ‘real’.

 

The researcher is ever hamstrung by the amount of information that is available - and as Preston was not a parish in its own right, having a  parish chest brimming with yellowed documents, this will always be a handicap. However, there is a wealth of details to be probed. They include:

 

 

Manorial Court Baron records for (Temple) Dinsley 1640 - 1652

A survey of the manor of (Temple) Dinsley in 1664 and a summary of transactions from then until 1808.

Manorial Court records of Maidencroft (Ippollitts) from 1697 and Missenden (Minsden) from 1700 that contain retrospective information.

Sundry indentures and other legal documents.

Sundry wills by Preston people.

A transcription of the parish registers of Minsden 1609 - 1642: with some gaps

The parish registers of Hitchin. These are mostly legible and helpfully note beside baptisms, marriages and burials that the subjects were ‘of Preston’.

The parish registers of Ippollitts.

Various Heath Tax returns for Preston.

A listing of Preston villagers prosecuted in 1688 for failing to pay Church Rate to St Mary, Hitchin.

A fan of documents from the seventeenth century that relate to Preston: l to r (Temple) Dinsley Manorial Court Roll of 1640; villagers prosecuted in 1688 for failing to pay St Mary, Hitchin Church Rate; Hearth Tax - exemptions in 1670. Lower centre - the burial of John, son of Daniel Joyner of Preston on 26 April 1697

Minsden Baptisms, Marriages and Burials 1609 - 1642

and her churchwardens

The inhabitants of Preston and Langley, together with folk from farther afield, worshipped at Minsden.

People who probably lived in Preston (based on confirmed information) are shown in blue.

RAYMENT, Alice

RYCHES, Marie

BRAY, Judith

HURST, John

BUCKINGHAM, Adam

CAMFIELD, Elizabeth

CLIFFORD, Elizabeth

KINGE, Robert

FLINDALL, Elizabeth

SAUNDERS, Rebecca

DRIVER, Agnes

FIELD, Elizabeth

JOYNER, Elizabeth

WHITLIE, George

PAGE, Ann

BROWNE, Daniel

GREAVES, Robert

ASHWOOD, Elizabeth

WILKSHIRE, Elizabeth

HURST, George

CAMFIELD, Thomas

DRIVER, Rose

BURWELL, Marie

RAYSON, John

BUCKINGHAM, Thomas

SAUNDERS, Thomas

WILSHIRE, John

BOSWELL, Thomas

BUNNE, John

CHAMBERLAINE, Sarah

CHAUKLEY, Richard

WHITLEY, Dorothy

GUTTERIDGE, Richard

NASH, Elizabeth

HURST, Mary

DRIVER, John

MARDOLFE, Rebecca

BURWELL, Esther

BURR, Hannah

FLYNDALL, Thomas

BROWNE, Mary

CANFIELD, Jacob

RAYMENT, Thomas

CHAUKLEY, John

WILSHIRE, Thomas

HURST, Anne

CLIFFORD, Annys

WHISTONS, Hannah

BUNNE, Joane

WHISTONS, Thomas

REDDING, Ruth

HURST, Thomas

BROWNE, Hannah and Rhode

WILSHIRE, Mary

DIXON,  Robert

CHAUKLEY, Mary

HERTFORD, William

HURST, Daniel

BURRE, Mary

PAGE, Joane

DAVY, Matthew

BURRE, Samuel

CREASE, Elizabeth

MARDOLFE, James

BOWSTRED, John

NASH, William

BUNNE, William

BUCKINGHAM, Hannah

HURST, Elizabeth

DAVY, Susan

ARNOLD, Joseph

THREDDER, Dorothy

BURR, Ruth

NASH, Edward

SIMPSON, John

BROWNE, Joane

BUCKINGHAM, Thomas

CANFIELD, Jeremiah

SIMPSON, John

NASH, Edward

BROWNE, Joan

ARNOLD, Sarah

BURWELL,Samuel

MARSHALL, Sarah

COOPER (alias GODFREY) Mary

WHITSTON, Alice

BOUSTRED, John

NASH, Elizabeth

BURR, Stephen

CRESY, John

MARDALL, Sarah

SIMPSON, Daniel and Sarah

CRESY, John

SMITH, Richard

THREDDER, Joan

CANFIELD, John

COOPER,  Sarah

BOWSTRED, John

DAVEY, Helen

NEWTON, Mary

THREDDER, Joan

BUNNE, Thomas and Robert

BROWNE, Simon

HEATH, Mary

CLEMENTS, Alice

WHEELER, William

ARNOLD, Matthew

BOWSTRED, William

DRIVER, Moses

SMITH, Anne

GODFREY (alias COOPER) Francis

 

Dau of Thomas and Grace

Dau of Richard and Joan

Dau of Thomas and Mildred

Son of John

Son of Adam

Dau of Thomas

Dau of Richard

Son of William

Dau of Thomas

Dau of Thomas

Dau of John  

Dau of John  

Dau of John  

Son of John

Dau of William

Son of Thomas

Son of John Greaves and Elizabeth Lacy. Baseborn Dau of John Ashwood the younger

Dau of John

Son of John

Son of Thomas of Hill End

Dau of John

Dau of John

Son of William

Son of Adam

Son of Thomas

Son of John

Son of John

Son of John

Dau of Robert

Son of John

Dau of John

Dau of William

Dau of William

Dau of John

Son of John

Dau of William

Dau of John

Dau of Stephen

Son of Thomas

Dau of Thomas

Son of Thomas

Son of George

Son of John

Son of John

Dau of Edward  

Dau of Richard

Dau of Thomas  

Dau of John

Son of Thomas

Dau of Jason

Son of John

Daus of Thomas

Dau of John

Son of Robert

Dau of John

Son of William

Son of John

Dau of Edward  

Dau of William

Son of Thomas

Son of Stephan

Dau of John

Son of William

Son of John

Son of William

Son of John

Dau of Thomas

Dau of John

Dau of Thomas

Son of John

Dau of William

Dau of Stephen

Son of William

Son of George

Dau of Thomas

Son of Thomas

Son of Thomas

Son of George

Son of William

Dau of Thomas

Dau of John

Son of John, snr

Dau of Christopher

Dau of William

Dau of Thomas

Son of John

Dau of Edward  

Son of Stephen and Mary

Son of John

Dau of William and Alice

Ch of George and Mary

Son of John

Son of Richard

Dau of William

Son of Thomas

Dau of William

Son of William

Dau of Thomas

Dau of Edward  

Dau of William

Sons of John

Son of Dennis

Dau of Mary

Dau of David (and Alice?)

Son of William

Son of John

Son of John

Son of John

Dau of Richard

Son of William and Mary

 

1609  Dec 05

1610  Aug 05

1610  Sep 16

1620  Nov 05

1620  Nov 12

1620  Nov

1620/1  Feb 4  

1621  Apr 8

1621  July 8

1621  July 15

1621  July 15

1621  Nov 11

1621 Nov

1621/2  Jan 13

1621/2  Feb 24

1621/2  Mar 17

1622 Sep 01

1622  Nov 01

1622  Dec 28

1622/3  Feb 10

1623  June 22

1623 June 29

1623  Sept 25

1623  Nov 09

1623  Dec 7

1623/4  Mar 29

1624  Apr 22

1624  June 06

1624  Sept 26

1624  Sept 26

1624  Oct 18

1624  Dec 12

1624  Dec 19

1625  June 08

1625 June 30

1625 June 30

1625 July 03

1625  Aug 07

1625  Oct 02

1625  Oct 16

1626  Apr 23

1626  June 14

1626  Oct 01

1626  Oct 08

1626  Nov 29

1626  Nov 29

1626  Dec 10

1626  Dec 31

1626/7 Mar 11

1628  Oct 05

1628  Dec 26

1628  Dec 29

1828/9 Mar 28

1829  July 16

1630  May 30

1630  June 03

1631  Dec 28

1631/2  Mar 03

1632  May 04

1632  May 31

1632  July 11

1632  July 20

1632  Oct 03

1633/4  Jan 13

1633/4  Mar 06

1634  Mar 27

1634  Apr 13

1634 Apr  20

1634  July 22

1634  Nov 09

1634 Nov 16

1635 June 03

1636  Apr 08

1636  Mar 31

1636  Sept 07

1636  Apr 24

1636  May 26

1636  Dec 29

1637  Mar 26

1637  Mar 28

1637  Apr 06

1637  May 18

1637  Aug 05

1637  Sept 10

1637/8  Mar 25

1638  May 20

1638  Oct 18

1638  Nov 30

1638  Dec 20

1638  Dec 20

1638/9  Jan 24

1638/9  Mar 24

1638  Dec 20

1638/9  Mar 11

1638/9  Mar 11

1639  May 18

1639  Sept 01

1639  Sept 01

1639  Oct 10

1639  Oct 10

1639  Nov 22

1639/40  Jan 26

1639/40  Jan 26

1640  Apr 26

1640  May 10

1640  Sept 20

1640  Sept 27

1640  Dec 10

1640/1 Feb 18

1641  May 09

1641  Sept 16

 

Baptisms

Marriages

MANFIELD, Thomas  

BURWELL, John

IUORY, John (cler)

KYDNER, Thomas (cler)

REEUE, John

SMYTH, Richard

FOWLER, William

ASTWOOD, John

BURWELL, John

SLOW, Robert

LINDALL, William (Dr of Divinity)

FOWLER, John

MARSHALL, Christopher

PAGE, William

DICKINS, Richard

KINSLEY, Samuel

HURST, Robert

BATTLE, William

NEWTON, Edward

POULTER, John

WALLIN (alias POULTER), John

GOLDSMITH, Thomas

MUNCK, John

 

SHEPPARD, Alice

WINCHESTER, Hester

RADCLIFFE, Elizabeth (dau of Sir Edward)

YOUNGE, Grace (widow)

HURST, Joane

RICHES, Agnes

STALLWORTH, Grace

STALLWORTH, Dinis

HEATH, Alice

?, Judith

PEIRCE, Mrs Elizabeth, widow

FEILD, Sarah

BARKER, Elizabeth

BALL, Mary

GRAY, Sarah

TRISTRAM, Elizabeth, widow

HURST, Hanna

HUCKLE, Elizabeth

MARDALL, Maria

SHEFFEILD, Maria

SHEFEILD, Mary

HUTCHINSON, Lettice

GOLDSMITH, Hannah

 

1609  Oct 15

1622  Nov 25

1629/30  Jan 29

1630 Aug 24

1632  Apr 25

1632/3  Jan 24

1633/4  Feb 13

1633/4  Feb 13

1635  June 24

1635  July 21

1636  Oct 31

1636/7 Feb 23

1636/7 Feb 23

1637  June 20

1637  Aug 20

1839  Apr 16

1638  May 03

1639  Aug 06

1639  Nov 01

1639  Nov 27

1639  Dec 11

1639/40  Mar 27

1640  July 23

 

Burials

SMITH, Ambrose

SIMPSON, George

FLINDEL, wife and dau of Thomas

 

1636  Aug 26  

1636  May 15  

1636  Sept 20  

 

Churchwardens

NASH, Robert

RICHES, Richard

RUGMER, Richard

CLIFFORD, Richard

SAUNDERS, Thomas

DRIVER, John

WILTSHIRE, William

THREE, Henry

FARR, John

HOMES, Thomas

 

BUCKINGHAM, Roger

NASH, Edward

DAVY, Thomas

WHISTONS, Thomas

ROE, Henry

SMITH, Richard

SMITH, Jeremy

WHITLEY, John

CRANWELL, Jeremiah

WHITLEY, John

 

 

FLINDEL, Thomas

WHITLEY, John

WHITLEY, John

WHITLEY, Thomas

BROWNE, Simon

NASH, William

RICHES, Richard

NASH, Edward

HEATH, John

CARRINGTON, John

 

1610

 

1621

 

1621

 

1622

 

1624

1625

 

1629

1632

 

1633

 

1634

 

1635

 

1636

 

1637

1638

1639

 

1640

 

1641

 

1642

 

St Mary, Hitchin - Baptisms, Marriages and Burials

of Preston people 1679 - 1699

The Hitchin register ‘through the carelessness and neglect of the former Registrar is wholy lost for the space of seventeen years’ from February 1648 to August 1665. As a result, it is impossible to produce a pedigree of many Preston folk before 1665.

 

The following are noted in the St Mary register as being ‘of Preston’

Baptisms

BOWSTRED, Sarah

BOWSTRED, Ralph

BOWSTRED, John

BROWNE, Robert

BROWNE, Edward

WHEELER, John

NEWTON, Elizabeth

COLLINS, Elizabeth

HANSCOMBE, Matthew

THRUSSELL, Robert

THRUSSELL, Elizabeth

AUDEY, Thomas

EVERITT, John

DEARMER, Richard

AUSTIN, Sarah

HOBBS, Susan

HOBBS, Ann

HOBBS, Susan

HOBBS, John

Dau of John

Son of Andrew

Son of John

Son of Thomas

Son of Thomas

Son of John

Dau of William

Dau of John

Son of Matthew

Son of Edward

Dau of Edward

Son of Thomas

Son of William

Son of Richard

Dau of John

Dau of John

Dau of John, son of John snr

Dau of John Hobbs snr

Son of John

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Born 1681  Oct 21

Born 1695  Mar 07

Born 1691  Oct 22

Born 1694  Sept 17

Born 1696  Aug 10

Born 1699  May 16

1665/6  Feb 25

1665/6  Apr 16

1667     Nov 20

1672     July 16

1674     Aug 05

1674     Nov 21

1676/7  Feb 22

1781    June 21

1679    June 02

1684    Jan 27

1689    Apr 21

1690    Dec 05

1690/1 Jan 24

1699    Nov 17

1699    Nov 17

1699    Nov 17

1699    Nov 17

1699    Nov 17

1699    Nov 17

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Site map

Site contents

Marriages

BROWNE, Thomas and HEATH, Agnes

BROWNE, Thomas and BROWNE, Anne

STRINGER, Richard and BOWSTRED, Mary of Preston

AUSTIN, John and MARTIN, Mary of Preston

MARSHALL, Jeremy amd OAKLEY both of Preston

BOWSTRED, George and GODFREY, Elizabeth of Preston

1632      Nov 08

1670/71 Jan 31

1684      Dec 10

1689      Oct  10

1691      Sept 21

1698      Nov

Burials

THREDDER, John - son William

BOWSTRED, John - son of John

BOWSTRED, Elizabeth - wife of John

WHISTONS,Thomas - son of Thomas of Hill End

BROWNE, Judith - wife of Simon

SIMSON, George

ANDREWS, George

DAVIES, Anne - dau of Thomas

ANDREWS, George

CLEMENT, Anne - dau of David

GOLDSMITH, Anne - wife of Thomas

GOLDSMITH, Thomas

BROWNE, Elizabeth - wife of John

FOSTER, Anne - widow

WHEELER, John - son of John

DAVE, Susan

REASON, Mary

DEARMER, Mary - wife of Richard

CARRINGTON, Thomas

BROWNE, William - son of Thomas

BIGG, Grace - wife of John Bigg

BROWNE, Thomas

NORTH, George

MARTIN, William - son of William

MARTIN, Sarah - widow

CLEMENT, Dorothy

RICHES, Joane

JOYNER, John son of Daniel

RICHES, John

CLARK, Valentine

 

1632      May 14

1633/34 Mar 20

1633      May 12

1638      May 28

1639      Aug 12

1639      June 06

1639      May 20

1641      Sept 22

1666/7   Jan 12

1668      May 29

1668      Dec 18

1668/69 Jan 22

1669      Oct 07

1672      May 20

1675/76 Feb 21

1679      Dec 19

1680      Aug 06

1681      Oct 22

1681/82 Feb 11

1682      Aug 30

1684      Oct 21

1687      Oct 06

1688      Apr 20

1688      Sept 15

1693      Sept 19

1696      June 20

1697      April 21

1697      April 26

1697      May 07

1699      Nov 06

Note: With a population of more than one hundred at Preston in the seventeenth century, it’s clear that the entries listed above are not the only Preston folk to have been born, married or buried. Others may be included in the St Mary registers and not noted as being ‘of Preston’ and still more may have been noted in the records of Minsden, Ippollitts,  Kings Walden and St Paul’s Walden.

The Hearth Tax and Preston

The hearth tax was introduced in 1662 and was the government’s major source of revenue. Each hearth in a home was taxed at two shillings a year which was payable in two instalments. People too poor to be rated for church or poor rates were exempt.

 

Where Hearth Tax records survive, there is a listing of all the households in a district together with a rough indication of their prosperity, that is, the number of hearths they had and whether or not they were taxed.

 

Sociologists have concluded that the population of a town or village can be calculated by multilpying the population by a factor of around 4.3. So, on the basis that there were around 27 households in Preston at this time (see below), the population of the village was approximately 120.

 

There are two listings villagers for Hearth Tax purposes that I will include.  The first list is dated 18 May 1663 and includes those liable for Hearth Tax with a note of the number of hearths.

SADLEIR,Sir Edwin  - 10

FOSTER, John  - 5

GODFREY, John  - 3

RICHES, John  - 2

BIGGE, John  - 2

 

BROWNE, Thomas  - 2

KINGE, Edward  - 1

SIMSON, widow  - 1

TALER, John  -1

The second list is dated 27 June 1670 and is of those who were exempted from the tax on the ground of ‘poverty and slenderness of estate’. The majority of these would have related to the homes of labourers and widows of labourers.

 

SIMSON, widow

MARTIN, Judeth

WHEELER, Will(iam)

CARRINGTON, John

BRIDGES, James

DRIVER, Tho(mas)

BOWSTRED, John

GOUTRIDGE, widow

OAKLEY, Tho(mas)

BIGG, John

 

Preston villagers prosecuted re: payment of Church Rates to St Mary, Hitchin

This issue in 1688 is described in another article- see link: Minsden controversy

SLATER, Jane Elizabeth

NORTH, widow

FOSTER, John

GODFREY, John

GODFREY, Jeremy

KING, Leonard

 

HEATH, John Heath

HEATH, Richard

COOPER, Robert

RICHES, Widow

GOTTERIDGE, John

FARR, John

To be continued...

Top

DAVEY, widow

CREASEY, Ann

BROWNE, widow

BOWSTREAD, Andrew

SMITH, William

CLEMENCE, David

ANDREW, widow

CRAWLEY, Thomas

BROWNE, Robert

REASON, Mary

The final list is dated 17 March 1674 and shows occupiers of houses and numbers of houses.

DRIVER, Thomas

CRESSEY, Ann

DAVEY, Susan

BIGG, John

CLEMENTS, David

ANDREWS, Katherine

CRAWLEY, Thomas

RAYMENT, Widow

BROWNE, Widow

REASON, Mary

2

2

2

2

2

2

1

1

1

2

DEARMER, Richard

MARTIN, Judith

WHEELER, William

BRIDGES, James

CARRINGTON, John

OAKLEY, Thomas

BOWSTRED, John

SMITH, Widow

GOOTHERIDGE

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

1